In a democracy, men can act how they wish without fear of judgment or retaliation from their neighbor, so long as they act within the confines of the law.
No enemy, in fact, has even engaged our total military power because our practice is constantly to attend to the needs of our navy, as well as to send our troops on many land excursions. Our form of government does not enter into rivalry with the institutions of others.
Therefore, he proceeds to point out that the greatest honour and act of valour in Athens is to live and die for freedom of the state Pericles believed was different and more special than any other neighbouring city.
An unknown proportion of citizens were also subject to disenfranchisement atimiaexcluding some of them permanently and others temporarily depending on the type.
During the same period, Pericles proposed the Megarian Decreewhich resembled a modern trade embargo. It does seem clear that possession of slaves allowed even poorer Athenians — owning a few slaves was by no means equated with wealth — to devote more of their time to political life.
And not only in our public life are we free and open, but a sense of freedom regulates our day-to-day life with each other. It was not anymore only one of the many possible ways in which political rule could be organised in a polity: You know that your dead have passed away amid manifold vicissitudes; and that they may be deemed fortunate who have gained their utmost honor, whether an honorable death like theirs, or an honorable sorrow like yours, and whose share of happiness has been so ordered that the term of their happiness is likewise the term of their life.
Four presided over the judicial administration. Worsted in the war, the Milesians came to Athens to plead their case against the Samians. Any proposal to modify an existing law had to be accompanied by a proposed replacement law. During the period of holding a particular office, everyone on the team would be observing everybody else as a sort of check.
Yet, if our enemies engage one division of our forces and defeat it, they boast that they have beaten our entire army, and if they are defeated they say that they lost to our whole army.
And in the matter of education, whereas they from early youth are always undergoing laborious exercises which are to make them Pave, we live at ease, and yet are equally ready to face the perils which they face. Even during his period of office, any officeholder could be impeached and removed from office by the assembly.
Some of you are of an age at which they may hope to have other children, and they ought to bear their sorrow better; not only will the children who may hereafter be born make them forget their own lost ones, but the city will be doubly a gainer.
And we do not show the kind of silent disapproval that causes pain in others, even though it is not a direct accusation. From a modern perspective these figures may seem small, but among Greek city-states Athens was huge: Neither was compulsory; individuals had to nominate themselves for both selection methods.
In opposition, thinkers such as Samuel Johnson were worried about the ignorance of a democratic decision-making body. Additional meetings might still be called, especially as up until BC there were still political trials that were conducted in the assembly, rather than in court.
For the love of honor alone is ever young, and not riches, as some say, but honor is the delight of men when they are old and useless. Competence does not seem to have been the main issue, but rather, at least in the 4th century BC, whether they were loyal democrats or had oligarchic tendencies.
We have had the good sense to provide for our spirits more opportunities for relaxation from hard work than other people. Working for wages was clearly regarded as subjection to the will of another, but at least debt servitude had been abolished at Athens under the reforms of Solon at the start of the 6th century BC.
And because of the greatness of our city, all kinds of imports flow in to us from all over the world. Political leadership[ edit ] An ostracon with Pericles' name written on it c. After Thucydides' ostracism, Pericles was re-elected yearly to the generalship, the only office he ever officially occupied, although his influence was so great as to make him the de facto ruler of the state.Pericles' funeral oration is a speech written by Thucydides for his history of the Peloponnesian War.
Pericles delivers the oration not only to bury the dead, but to praise democracy. Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman during the Peloponnesian War. He often gave speeches at the funerals of citizens in the city of Athens about the merits of democracy.
The historian Thucydides wrote about the speech of Pericles in his “History of the Peloponnesian War.” Thucydides wrote that the speech was reproduced from his memory and was a loose account only. The Age of Pericles.
Chapter 4, Section 4.
STUDY. PLAY. What made direct democracy work in Athens was the small size of the population. At the time, they had a population of about 43, In a representative democracy, people select representatives to vote on their behalf.
Funeral Oration. In this famous speech, Pericles pointed. Ruler of Athens during its "golden age" skilled speaker, gave famous speech treated other city- states like subjects under his rule, poor citizens could run for office Pericles's funeral oration.
famous speech for the soldiers who died in battle praised Athens' accomplishments. Pericles' funeral Oration highlights how Athenian democracy encourages personal freedom & sets the city apart from the rest.
The most famous of these speeches is his Funeral Oration, given at the conclusion of the First Peloponnesian War. a Representation of Athenian Democracy LIST OF CONTENTS Information Sheet Section 1: What Task and Standards? Pericles’ Funeral Oration: a Representation of Athenian Democracy Pericles was a key leader and customary to give speech to honor the dead once a .Download